Air India Express accident at Calicut was facilitated by the regulator, how?

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  Air India Airbus Landing at Port Blair (Source Dr Puneet) Blaming the pilots alone for an accident is like addressing the symptom rather than the root cause. The root cause of the Calicut accident of IX1344 on 7th Aug 2020 is the poor safety culture prevalent in India and the ineffective regulatory oversight. This landing(YouTube video) can be categorized as a deliberate attempt to endanger the lives of passengers and crew. This is not the Calicut landing but a landing at another critical airport where most of the year the airport experiences tailwinds. Since the airport has a unidirectional runway ( landing from one direction only), the flight crew has no option but to land in tailwinds. The situation worsens during the monsoons when there is a tailwind and the runway is wet and braking action reduces. Action has not been taken either by the regulator or by the airline safety. Why? What is the role of the regulator? The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory

Much defended, Kozhikode Runway RESA & Runway Strip do not meet ICAO standards

RESA
 

The Runway End Safety Area is mandated by ICAO in Annex 14 as a standard. Following is the definition:

An area symmetrical about the extended runway centre line and adjacent to the end of the
strip primarily intended to reduce the risk of damage to an aeroplane undershooting or overrunning the runway.


ICAO Annex 14 requirements



Kozhikode airport design of the RESA has used the width of the turn pad at both ends of the runway to meet the 90m, double the width of the runway requirement of ICAO Annex-14. Unfortunately, ICAO  Annex-14 as per definition specifically defines RESA with the terms Extended Centerline and Symmetrical.

This implies that RESA must extent 45m either side of the extended centerline all the way till 240m. The Kozhikode RESA does not meet the ICAO standard by 10 m.

Technically if 10 m is significant, Kozhikode is not a RESA as per ICAO standards. 

Recommendation.— The width of a runway end safety area should, wherever practicable, be equal to that of the graded portion of the associated runway strip.

 

 Runway Strip requirements ICAO Annex 14

ICAO Annex-14 Extract on width of the Runway Strip


Width:

Width of runway strips
3.4.3 A strip including a precision approach runway shall, wherever practicable, extend laterally to a distance of at
least:
140 m where the code number is 3 or 4

Legal meaning of Practicable means available and capable of being done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes.

Runway Excursion Risk Reduction ICAO Aerodrome Best Practice
 

Airport Authority of India has issued a tender in 2019 for grading of the area beyond the runway strip with 330 days set as the work period. This clearly indicates that a 140m runway strip as mandated by ICAO is practicable but was not implemented for reasons which need to be probed. The tender amount seems miniscule compared to the cost involved though.

Tender for grading work on the runway strip

Therefore the Kozhikode runway is compliant for 1&2 aircraft's only since the Runway strip is 75 m either of the centerline and the Annex 14 requirement is 70m.

The runway is non compliant for aircraft's like B-737, A-320 and bigger.

Consequences of non-compliance with ICAO Annex-14 Runway Strip width requirements

75m Runway Strip as in Kozhikode
 

 

SpiceJet incident at Kozhikode 4th Aug2017

A320 Aerodrome reference code




Practicable means available and capable of being done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes.
Practicable means available and capable of being done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes.
Practicable means available and capable of being done after taking into consideration cost, existing technology, and logistics in light of overall project purposes.

AAI AIP RESA, read here.




Comments

  1. They can reduce RW length by ten meters and add it to RESA. But that won't solve the problem of tailwind landing.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. RESA is a distraction, why is there a big debate about it. Focus on why SOP's don't work. If it is about RESA then technically, they are falling short of 10m width.

      Delete
  2. CCJ has RESA of 93*90 on one end and 92*90 on the other end which Is twice the Width of runway (45mts). 10 mts shortage ? It also looks symmetrical with 45 mts on either side of the centreline. Correct me if I am wrong.

    ReplyDelete

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